The “Ferguson Effect” and Proactive Policing

5 months, 1 week ago 242
Posted in: Blog

When he was not busy investigating emails, James Comey, FBI Director, has been speaking out about “The Ferguson Effect” in relation to recent crime increases in cities around the country.  What Comey is referring to has been called depolicing, when police officers withdraw from proactive policing in the aftermath of community disorder as in Ferguson in 2014 and Baltimore in 2015. According to Comey and many other police authorities, such depolicing is a factor in increasing crime.  Comey’s comments have led to a discussion of exactly what is effective policing.

A couple things — First, this phenomena of depolicing in the aftermath of rioting predates Ferguson.  In Los Angeles, after the Rodney King riot in 1992, some LAPD officers began practicing what they referred to “drive and wave” policing, doing little proactive policing and responding only to 911 calls. As police activity decreased, crime escalated. Ten years later, following the riots in Cincinnati, virtually all measures of police activity declined while crime increased. Baltimore is most recent example of this pattern.

For controlling crime, is there an alternative to the aggressive policing characterized by stop and frisk?  Or is “proactive” policing the path to safer communities?  There is now substantial evidence from Cincinnati and other places that suggests police focus on community engagement and problem solving rather than aggressive patrol can lead to better results. The most recent evidence comes from the University of Cincinnati Police Department which implemented a change in policing style following the shooting of Samuel Dubose last year.  A story detailing those changes is here.

The positive outcomes mirror outcomes in the City of Cincinnati whose police department made similar changes ten years earlier. From 2005 to 2014 in Cincinnati, the city recorded a 44% decrease in robbery, a 42% decrease in serious assaults and an over 49% decrease in thefts from autos.  These reductions were NOT due to aggressive policing. During that same period, misdemeanor arrests were down 37%, felony arrests down 40%, citizen complaints down 43%, and police use of force down 57%.

Effective policing requires more than frequent stop and frisk and heavy use of traffic stops. Style of policing needs to be a more prominent part of the discussion on police reform.

 

 

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  143. Priscilla dias disse:Aconteceu hoje com meu marido e eu, perto do arco do triunfo. No inicio achei q o italiano estava mesmo perdido depois de me oferecer as jaquetas de presente por nada saquei q era o golpe…saímos andando e deixei lá o tal Eugênio.

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  176. vallie Taylor – My first job was SECRETARY at an oil company in Houston. I had to take a shorthand and typing test. (1981) Still love to take typing tests on typing games online! Gasp!

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  187. Lo que dices es verdad. Pero a mi me parece que lo grave es la opacidad. Es posible que el presupuesto de un Presidente de la República fuera similar, pero sería conocido hasta el último euro.Y, además, su patrimonio sería también conocido por norma. Y para finalizar, éste si sería un igual ante la Ley y elegible entre iguales.saludos

  188. Hei Janne !!NÃ¥ har jeg scrollet med nedover en del innleg, og jammen har du vært kreativ i sommer 🙂 Lurer pÃ¥ om du noen gang kommer til Ã¥ gÃ¥ tom for nye ideer, neppe :)))De heklede lyslykt trekkene var kjempesøte… Bestilling kommer pÃ¥ mail :)HÃ¥per det stÃ¥r bra til med sønnen.Jeg blir litt smÃ¥nervøs av Ã¥ lese om ambulanse og at ingenting kan gjøres, men det mÃ¥ vel ordne seg snart !!Fin lørdagskveld videre til degKlem Heidi

  189. Eso de treparriscos me recuerda a un pájaro que es la envidia y desesperación de los escaladores pues el pajarín en cuestión trepa por la roca a toda velocidad mientras los escaladores tienen que hacer grandes esfuerzos.Enhorabuena a tu hija.

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  192. Our animal control types have guns? ‘Cos that’s, y’know, who I called first, being a logical type and all.It would worry me if they did, I must say. Just as it worries me that apparently some Ontario jurisdictions feel the animal control officer needs handcuffs. Presumably to immobilize snakes.

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